4. Mediation and Culture of Peace.

Conflict has been, and is, a challenge that arisen throughout the entire history of mankind. We have responded to this in very different ways, from confrontation and war, to non-violence and peace. It is not for nothing that the culture of peace is sometimes characterised as a way of “weaving” relationships to transform them in order to create harmonious space and time between people who think differently.

Among the different ways we have to create peace, there are diverse paradigms for the management of conflict: resolution, narrative and transformative. The latter is understood as the capacity to transform the intrapersonal, interpersonal and environment, from the micro to the global. This dynamic of transformation permits renewal of implications and interactions based on the tool of dialogue. Therefore the culture of mediation helps to regain communication skills to positively manage the confrontation.

This is how Peace Studies currently explores the complexity of human relationships and plural modes of communication. It allows us to interact with one another, whether on the personal level, family, employment, training or as citizens.

What conditions should exist for the peaceful management of potential conflicts, in pluralistic societies? What are the key theories for the management of conflicts in force today? What is their contribution to building peace? What is the responsibility of education in the implementation of peaceful management and dialogue in a conflict? Who are the educational agents involved? What skills should a citizen have to get involved in the building of a culture of peace?