2. NATIONAL IDENTITIES.
Identity, national identities, multiculturalism, religions.

National, cultural or religious identity is one of the most pressing issues of the 21st century. Conception of an identity is not neutral; it is the cause of many conflicts that affect co-existence. The challenge is to find a solid foundation for the construction of identity, without it being an argument of separation and confrontation.

We often think that we would have liked to be born in another country but this is absurd because we are where we are, or we would not exist. This place is my only opportunity to exist; there is therefore no merit in being from one place or another. One thing we all have in common - no one can choose where he or she wanted to be born, or his or her nationality. This is something that other people decided for us. Our parents with their actions and decisions are the reason for us to be from one country or another. We are Catalan, Spanish, Chinese, Bolivian etc.

To exist is the most important thing for a person; from this reality I can express other preferences, including divergences and differences. To fully appreciate the fact of living is the value on which we should base our identity and agreement, above culture, belief or other realities.
If existence is the basic, original and primary relationship and other ties such as kinship, citizenship, ethnicity, civilisation, religion, etc. are sectoral, how does this radical equality in existence contribute in the construction of different identities?

The legitimate defence of identities must never be an argument for war. How is it possible to define identity without succumbing to exclusivism or ethnocentrism? How is it possible to combine the protection of identities and simultaneously recognise the elements that bind identities beyond their specific characteristics?